A lab test ordered by your healthcare provider to show your average blood sugar level over time.
Cells in the pancreas that make insulin.
Glucose (sugar) found in the blood and the body's main source of energy. Also called blood glucose.
Blood Sugar Level
The amount of glucose (sugar) in a given amount of blood. It is reported as the number of milligrams of glucose in a deciliter of blood, or mg/dL.
The amount of a medicine to be taken within a given period.
A specific, unchanging amount of a medicine.
A hormone produced by the alpha cells in the pancreas. Glucagon raises blood sugar (glucose) by releasing glucose from the liver. Glucagon is also available as an injectable drug for the treatment of severe hypoglycemia (low blood sugar).
Glucagon-Like Peptide-1 (GLP-1)
A hormone produced by the gut that signals the pancreas to release the right amount of insulin to lower blood sugar levels. It also slows down the rate at which glucose enters the bloodstream.
The sugar that the body makes from the three elements of food — proteins, fats, and carbohydrates — but mostly from carbohydrates. Glucose is the major source of energy for living cells. Because glucose is carried to each cell through the bloodstream, it is often called "blood glucose" or "blood sugar."
Also called low blood sugar (glucose). Symptoms may include sweating, trembling, hunger, dizziness, moodiness, confusion, and blurred vision.
A hormone produced in the pancreas by beta cells, which is necessary for glucose to be able to enter certain cells of the body and be used for energy.
Also, insulin is an injectable medicine to help control blood sugar. Long-acting insulin is usually taken once or twice a day to control blood sugar.
A large organ in the body that has many functions, including the production and storage of glucose.
Injectable medicine to help control blood sugar. Long-acting insulin takes several hours to reach the bloodstream.
An organ located behind the lower part of the stomach that produces the hormones insulin and glucagon, and releases them into the bloodstream to help control blood sugar (glucose) levels. The pancreas also produces digestive enzymes.
A container for disposal of used needles and syringes; it is often made of hard plastic so that needles cannot poke through.
A class of oral medicine for type 2 diabetes that lowers blood sugar (glucose). Examples include glimepiride, glipizide, and glyburide.
Type 2 Diabetes
A condition characterized by high blood sugar (glucose) levels caused by either a lack of insulin or the body's inability to use insulin efficiently. Type 2 diabetes develops most often in middle-aged and older adults but can appear in younger adults, and is the most common form of diabetes.
You are encouraged to report negative side effects of prescription drugs to the FDA. Visit www.fda.gov/medwatch or call 1-800-FDA-1088.
BYETTA is an injectable prescription medicine that may improve blood sugar (glucose) control in adults with type 2 diabetes, when used with diet and exercise. BYETTA is not insulin and should not be taken instead of insulin. BYETTA can be used with Lantus® (insulin glargine), which is a long-acting insulin, but should not be taken with short- and/or rapid-acting insulin.
BYETTA should not be used in people with type 1 diabetes or people with diabetic ketoacidosis (a condition caused by very high blood sugar). BYETTA is not recommended for use in children. BYETTA has not been studied in people who have pancreatitis. BYETTA should not be used in people who have severe kidney problems.
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