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Setting Personal Goals

Living With Type 2 Diabetes

When you're diagnosed with type 2 diabetes, it's important to learn how to live with it. Working with your healthcare team to make a personal plan can help you focus your efforts and try to keep yourself on track. Goals like eating healthy, staying active, taking your medications as prescribed, and monitoring your blood sugar can be important aspects of diabetes self-management. This may seem like a lot at first, but you can take small steps until they become a normal part of your routine.

Helpful tips for type 2 diabetes self-management

As with all decisions concerning your management of type 2 diabetes, it is important to work with your healthcare team to determine what is right for you.

  • Create a meal plan

    Your healthcare team can help you create a healthy eating plan. A healthy meal plan can help you adjust how much and what kinds of foods you eat. A healthy meal plan may help you stay on target for your blood sugar and weight goals. Learn more about eating healthy >>

  • Stay active

    Regular physical activity is not only good for helping to manage your type 2 diabetes but also for your overall health. Learn more about diabetes and exercise >>

  • Take your medicines as prescribed

    Be sure to ask your healthcare team when you should take your diabetes medicines. You can even ask them to update your list of medicines and when to take them at each office visit. Be sure to tell your doctor about any changes to your health or about any changes in the medicines you are taking, both over-the-counter medicines and prescription medicines.

  • Check your blood glucose (blood sugar) if your doctor told you to do so

    Checking and recording your blood glucose levels can help you monitor and better manage your diabetes. If your blood has too much or too little glucose, you may need a change in your healthy eating plan, physical activity plan, or medicines. Learn more about blood sugar control >>

  • Make it personal

    Get help managing your type 2 diabetes. Find out how >>

References: 1. National Diabetes Education Program (NDEP). 4 Steps to Manage Your Diabetes for Life. National Diabetes Education Program; US Dept of Health and Human Services; Centers for Disease Control and Prevention; 2016. NIH publication 16-5492. NDEP-67. 2. National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK); US Department of Health and Human Services. Take care of your diabetes each day. https://www.niddk.nih.gov/health-information/diabetes/manage-monitoring diabetes/take-care-your-diabetes-each-day. Published February 2014. Accessed November 28, 2016. 3. American Diabetes Association (ADA). Diabetes meal plans and a healthy diet. http://www.diabetes.org/food-and-fitness/food/planning-meals/diabetes-meal-plans-and-a-healthy-diet.html. Last reviewed June 1, 2015. Last edited July 1, 2015. Accessed November 9, 2016. 4. National Diabetes Information Clearinghouse (NDIC). What I Need to Know About Physical Activity and Diabetes. Bethesda, MD: National Diabetes Information Clearinghouse; US Dept of Health and Human Services; National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases; 2014. NIH publication 14-5180. 5. National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK); US Department of Health and Human Services. Monitor your diabetes. https://www.niddk.nih.gov/health-information/diabetes/manage-monitoring-diabetes/monitor-your-diabetes. Published February 2014. Accessed November 9, 2016.

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